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Causes of alopecia and its treatment

alopecia and its treatment

Does alopecia appear as a result of the psychological state

Alopecia areata is considered an autoimmune disease, it occurs when the immune system attacks the hair follicles, and alopecia can appear due to psychological stress and pressure, and it can cause hair loss , the hair may empty in the form of circular spots above the scalp or to the entire scalp, in a more severe form It is called universal alopecia, hair falls out even from all over the body , hair may grow again and fall out repeatedly over a period of time, alopecia can affect both men and women of any age, and affects more than six million people in the United States, for example, no There is a specific treatment, although there are some prescribed treatments that may contribute to those who suffer from hair loss by no more than 50 percent.

Psychological alopecia treatment


Steroid injections are a well-known treatment for simple and incomplete alopecia, and help hair grow again in the form of bald spots, so the place is injected with a small needle of steroid substance on the skin in the affected areas, and the treatment must be repeated from one to two months to return hair growth , and it does not prevent new hair loss .

Oral treatments

Cortisone tablets are sometimes used to treat severe hair loss, but because of the possibility of side effects, this option should be discussed with the doctor. Oral immunosuppressants, such as methotrexate and cyclosporine, is another option that can be tried. They work by blocking the immune system response, but It cannot be used for a long period of time due to the risk of side effects , such as high blood pressure, liver and kidney damage , and a higher risk of serious infections and hepatitis, a type of cancer known as lymphoma.

Radiation therapy

Phototherapy, also known as photochemotherapy or phototherapy, is a type of radiation therapy that uses a combination of oral medications known as psoralen and ultraviolet light.

Alopecia natural treatment

Some people with alopecia areata choose some of the alternative therapies to treat this condition. These may include:

  • Aromatherapy.
  • Acupuncture.
  • microneedle.
  • probiotics.
  • Low level laser therapy (LLLT).
  • Vitamins such as zinc and biotin.
  • Aloe vera drinks and topical gels.
  • Onion juice is rubbed on the scalp.
  • Essential oils such as tea tree, rosemary, lavender, and peppermint, such as coconut, castor, olive, and jojoba oils.
  • The anti-inflammatory diet, also known as the "autoimmune protocol," is a restricted diet that includes mainly meat and vegetables.
  • Scalp massage.
  • Herbal supplements, such as ginseng, green tea, Chinese hibiscus, and saw palmetto.

Signs of healing from alopecia

Seeing hair regrowth in the place of alopecia: The powerful and effective treatment for alopecia may not be discovered yet, but there are many types of treatments as we mentioned before, and they may be effective with some and may not be achieved with others, so we must try to strive until the best and appropriate solution is found. For each case, and when the treatment begins to have an effect, the hair is in the form of growth, so the hair begins to grow and appears in a small and simple way until the area as a whole is filled, so the affected area must be followed when undergoing treatment, to ensure hair growth and increase in the affected area, so that there is confirmation of the effectiveness of the treatment .

The appearance of white hair: It is normal for white hair to appear at the beginning. The end of hair loss is related to turning white very early in growth, because while some hair will be seen sprouting from the scalp, it may be less exciting when you find that it is snow-white, but Not to worry, this is completely normal, and in fact, regrowth of white hair is very common in cases of alopecia areata.

Change of texture at the site of the alopecia: If you notice new hair growth, whatever the color, you will probably notice that it is very soft in texture. Or it could simply fall out again, however, when that vellus hair develops into thicker and longer “terminal” hair, that’s when you know you’ve come to the end of the battle with alopecia, for the time being, at least, and for some reason, that hair may be Curly, even if your locks are always soft and straight, no matter what your style, be sure to handle new hair with care, avoiding harsh chemicals as much as possible and applying heat when styling.

Is it possible not to treat alopecia

Many times, patches of alopecia grow on their own without treatment. In particular, if there is only one or two small alopecia patches, many doctors recommend leaving them alone at first.

If the hair loss is not very severe, there is a good chance that hair will grow back after several months, so you must be patient as hair growth often does not occur for a few months.

A change in hairstyle may remove one or two small patches of alopecia areata. If the hair loss becomes more extensive, the treatment decision can be reconsidered but even with strong hair loss, there is still a chance of hair regrowth without treatment.
Note that alopecia areata by itself will not harm the general health, and therefore the lack of treatment will not cause any general health problems. When considering any treatment options, one must take into account the possible side effects of some treatments. Also, some treatments help to regrow hair. It does not affect or treat the underlying cause of alopecia areata.

There are various treatment options, it is difficult to say from the beginning whether a specific treatment will benefit a particular person, it is difficult that the hair grows again without any treatment in many cases, so, it is difficult to search for the effect of the treatments, as the hair may grow back naturally again other.