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Causes of tooth erosion from the roots

ooth erosion from the roots

What is tooth enamel 

Tooth enamel is the hard outer surface layer of the teeth, and the tooth enamel works to protect it. Despite the strength of the tooth enamel, we find that it is affected by certain foods and drinks, and it is exposed to danger and begins to produce bacteria called “plaque bacteria” that weaken and destroy the teeth.

Tooth erosion is a chemical erosion that occurs due to the dissolution of tooth enamel, which is caused by acids resulting from some acidic drinks and foods, or the transmission of infectious fluid to the top of the mouth, and this often occurs due to irregular eating patterns, and it is necessary to time this erosion as soon as possible and consult a doctor the teeth.

Causes of tooth erosion from the roots

Stomach acids can cause tooth erosion, and both vomiting and regurgitation may cause strong stomach acids to enter the mouth, which may cause great damage to the teeth, and also some food sources can cause tooth erosion, especially foods and drinks that contain high levels of acid, which Represented in:

  • Soft drinks ( sugar -free and sugar-containing)
  • Energy Drinks.
  • Citrus fruits (lemon, orange)
  • Lemon flavored drinks or tea .
  • Fruit flavored lollipops.
  • Most fruit juices.
  • Vitamin C tablets.
  • vinegar. 
Also, low saliva (dry mouth) can increase the risk of tooth erosion, so you must drink plenty of water to moisturize the mouth well so that saliva is a strong natural defense against tooth erosion

And we must not forget poor oral hygiene and not brushing and flossing the teeth daily causes erosion of the teeth from the roots, and advanced age causes the gums to recede and this leads to the appearance of the roots, and gum disease itself increases the depth of the pockets of the gums and this makes both bacteria and plaque reach the roots of the teeth, and from Diabetes is known to weaken the immune .system and increase tissue inflammation, which makes gum disease more severe

Symptoms of tooth decay

  • Toothache or pain when biting.
  • Sensitivity to hot or cold foods and drinks.
  • The appearance of white, brown or black spots on the teeth.
  • The presence of cavities in the teeth.
Sometimes there is erosion in the teeth without any clear signs appearing on the patient, so one must go to the dentist in order to examine the mouth closely and detect tooth erosion early.

Treatment of tooth erosion from the roots

The appropriate treatment for tooth erosion from the roots depends on the cause of the erosion itself. When the dentist sees the severity of the erosion, he gives treatments. The most common treatments are:
  • Periodontal treatment, in which all gum diseases are treated, and the doctor gives, for example, a treatment for tooth decay , and usually he peels and plans the roots, and removes plaque and tartar from the surface of the roots of the teeth.
  • Surgical grafting, the dentist may resort to when there is a regression in the gums and the gum tissue begins to recede, and the doctor puts a graft to protect the surface of the roots.
  • Dental restoration, in which the dentist removes decay and replaces it with a crown or uses fillings of the same color as the teeth in order to fill any existing cavities after removing decay from the teeth.

How do we stop tooth enamel erosion?

Loss of tooth enamel may lead to tooth decay, but a certain routine can be followed to stop tooth enamel erosion. This routine is:
  • Use a fluoride toothpaste.
  • Brushing the gums in order to neutralize the plaque bacteria that produce toxins that work to dismantle the tooth enamel layer.
  • Use a fluoride mouthwash that protects against tooth decay.
  • Brushing and flossing regularly will be beneficial as they promote oral health. 

Important tips for protecting teeth

  1. You should reduce or avoid acidic drinks, which are carbonated drinks, and do not try to gargle with it, just drink it and swallow it quickly.
  2. It is important to rinse your mouth with water after consuming acidic meals or drinks. Drinking milk and dairy products in general and calcium-rich foods may help neutralize the acids in the mouth.
  3. Sugar-free gum can be chewed until a good flow of saliva occurs, which works to protect the teeth.
  4. Before brushing it is a good idea to wait at least an hour after consuming acidic foods or drinks, when there is a chance to make the teeth build up their mineral content again.
  5. Children up to three years of age should use a toothpaste with a fluoride level of at least 1,000 ppm.
  6. Spit out the toothpaste and don't rinse it off too quickly, as the fluoride can stay on the teeth for a long time.